Rebana is a membranophone instrument. It is in Malay folk music. These are found with cenotaph shells or as kettle or frame drums.
Rebana are frame drums with a shallow or a deep frame made of wood. If metal jingles are loosely inserted in the frame the rebana is known as rebana kercing or tar.
Very large cone shaped drums are also called rebana. Rebana ubi is at least 70 cm in diameter and almost 1 meter in height. It is hung vertically or placed horizontally on the floor. They are usually found in ensembles which play interlocking patterns. Village rebana ubi orchestras often engage in contests with other villages providing entertainment after the rice harvest.
The rebana that is used for the zikir hadrah performance in Kedah and Perlis, is a potted type in shape and came in different sizes. The frame is made from jackfruit tree wood while cow hide is used for the drum skin.
"Rebana Penganak" come in pairs. Goat hide is used for the drum skin. This rebana is placed on the lap of the player during performance.
Rebana "Pengerum" came in sets of 10 or 8 rebana all together. It is used the same way as the rest of the rebana and is placed on the lap during performance. The players strike the rebana while they are singing.
Rebana "Dikir Barat" is another kind of rebana that flourishes in Kelantan. It can be used as a single instrument (solo) in "Main Petri", one of the traditional healing ceremonies performed in Kelantan.